1.verbs and sentence patterns

there + be verb Getting Started17 Distinguishing between "there" and "they"
Use of verbs to watch out for primary70 apologize for specific reasons

4.auxiliary verb

Ability/Permission: can primary14 human ability
Ability/Permission: can primary15 ask permission to do something
Ability/Permission: be able to intermediate21 Explain the possibility of using “be able to”
Obligation/need: have to/must/must not primary16 must do
Obligation/need: have to/must/must not primary17 what you don't need to do
Obligation/need: have to/must/must not primary18 Review of lessons 14-17
Obligation/need: have to/must/must not primary44 Obligations and Prohibitions
Obligation/Of course: should primary42 Using "should" to give advice
Request: would primary39 make a request to someone
Idiomatic performance: would primary40 Offers and proposals using “would like”
Offer/Suggestion/Permission: may/shall primary41 offer/suggestion, ask for permission
Possibility: must primary43 Using “must” to express impressions
Summary of auxiliary verbs primary45 Review of lessons 39-44
past habits or conditions: used to intermediate8 Things you used to do in the past but don't do now
Likelihood/probability: may/might intermediate19 Two different events on the same timeline
Summary of auxiliary verbs intermediate25 Review of lessons 19-24
Past conjecture: should have p.p intermediate47 express regret
Past conjecture: must have p.p intermediate48 Mention past possibilities


Transitive verbs with infinitive objects primary28 want to do
Transitive verbs with infinitive objects primary62 mean
Transitive verbs with infinitive objects primary66 talk about your or someone else's needs
Expressions using causative verbs primary53 causative verb
verb + to infinitive intermediate57 Expressing what happens over time


Transitive verbs with the gerund as the object: keep/finish/avoid/enjoy primary61 Habit
idiomatic expressions using gerunds primary65 Express what you want or don't want
intermediate32 politely ask or ask for permission and talk about what is unacceptable

8.gerund and infinitive

Transitive verbs whose objects can be gerunds or infinitives primary27 thing of interest
Transitive verbs with infinitive objects primary32 Review of lessons 27-31
Transitive verbs whose objects can be gerunds or infinitives primary60 preference
Expressions that require special attention when using gerunds and infinitives primary63 memory
Summary of gerunds and infinitives primary64 Review of lessons 59-63
Summary of gerunds and infinitives primary71 Review of lessons 65-70
Negative not position intermediate54 "not" を使った表現 PART1
Negative not position intermediate58 Review of lessons 53-57


participles that modify nouns intermediate17 Depict people and objects in detail
What the participial construction expresses intermediate61 "ing"を使った情報の追加
Perceptual verb + O + present participle intermediate60 Describe what was happening when you experienced something Participle


Regular variation: -er, -est type primary48 Compare among many items and choose the best one PART1
Regular variation: more, most type primary49 Compare from many things and choose the best one PART2
Comparison of rule changes primary51 Review of lessons 46-50
Comparison using superlatives: most of intermediate7 the best thing i've ever met in my life
Comparison using original grade: as much as intermediate22 Differences and similarities comparing two things
adverb comparison intermediate23 Compare people using adverbs of degree or condition
Comparison summary 1 intermediate25 Review of lessons 19-24
Various Expressions Using the Comparative Degree: Expressing Differences Concretely intermediate42 Compare two things more specifically in many ways
Various expressions using the comparative: the+comparative+SV intermediate41 Contrast two related events in the same sentence
Comparison summary 2 intermediate45 Review of lessons 39-44

13.interrogative words and interrogative sentences

Yes/No Question: Do you ~ Getting Started13 ask or answer if someone has something
interrogative pronoun: what Getting Started2 hear what is
Getting Started8 Listening to the time and understanding basic imperatives
Getting Started10 talk about what you're doing
Getting Started14 ask what you have
interrogative pronoun: who Getting Started3 ask who
primary11 Present Tense Interrogative "Who/Where"
Interrogative pronoun: which primary47 Clarify things in conversation
primary51 Review of lessons 46-50
Interrogative pronoun: who Getting Started12 tell who it belongs to
Interrogative adverb: where Getting Started4 ask where it is
Getting Started5 Review of lessons 1–4
Getting Started6 talk about origin
Interrogative adverb: when Getting Started11 Review of lessons 6-10
primary11 Present Tense Interrogative "Who/Where"
primary12 Present tense "when/how much"
primary13 Review of lessons 6-12
primary54 detail the schedule
Interrogative adverb: why primary4 reason for action
Interrogative adverb: how Getting Started9 ask what the price is
Getting Started16 Ask about quantity
primary12 Present tense "when/how much"
primary13 Review of lessons 6-12
Expressions using interrogative words: asking about the state of affairs Getting Started1 say hello
additional question primary55 Expressing Certainty and Uncertainty Using Be Verb Interrogative Sentences
primary56 Express certainty and uncertainty using various additional questions
primary58 Review of lessons 52-57
Question: There + be Getting Started15 talk about an object in a particular place
Question review 1 Getting Started18 Review of lessons 12-17
Question review 2 intermediate62 Review all kinds of indirect questions


Direct and indirect speech forms intermediate50 Change direct speech to indirect speech PART1
Indirect speech other than declarative sentences intermediate51 Change direct speech to indirect speech PART2
Indirect speech other than declarative sentences intermediate52 Review of lessons 46-51


Complement Predicative Usage Getting Started7 describe a person
Definitive usage modifying nouns primary29 describe things using adjectives
Adjectives that must have a person as the subject primary10 emotion
numeral primary19 Ordinals and Units
primary26 Review of lessons 19-25
adjective of quantity: enough primary46 condition of a person or thing
participle adjective primary59 tell things from two different sides
Possibility adjective: possible primary67 talk about the possibilities
Adjectives that describe personality and behavior: nice/careless/kind, etc... primary68 people's character and behavior
Appreciative Adjectives: thank/grateful/appreciate primary69 thank you for the details


Adverbs of frequency and degree: usually primary6 behavior frequency (1)
Adverbs of frequency and degree: often primary9 behavior frequency (2)
Summary of Adverbs of Frequency and Degree primary13 Review of lessons 6-12
adverbs of manner primary30 how to use adverbs
Adverbs that modify adjectives and adverbs: too primary46 condition of a person or thing
Other adverbial clauses: like / the way / as intermediate37 Method/situation


Accompanying situation: with, in intermediate17 Depict people and objects in detail


Subordinating conjunctions leading to noun clauses: that intermediate16 Use "that" clauses to describe things
Conjunction of time: when intermediate19 Two different events on the same timeline
Conjunctions of time: while/the moment intermediate39 Two different things that happened on the same time axis
結果・理由を表す接続詞:so/such...that~ intermediate29 memorable experience
Conjunctions of cause, reason: because / since / as intermediate33 Give a reason for an event or action
Conditional conjunctions: even if / unless / once / as long as intermediate35 express conditions and requirements
Conjunctions expressing conditions and concessions: whether, if intermediate36 what you have decided and what you want to know
Summary of Conjunctions intermediate38 Review of lessons 32-37
接続詞を使った表現:not only A but also B intermediate56 "not" を使った表現 PART3

24.group verb

come along / run away / drop off / pull into / fill up Upper intermediate1 Gas Station
apply for / fill out / bring back / act up / check out Upper intermediate2 Library
fight off / find out / look back on / end up / come over Upper intermediate3 Pregnancy
tip off / keep one's eyes on / pull over / slow down Upper intermediate4 Driver's permit
drop by / cut down / work out / go on / run into Upper intermediate5 Health checkup
get on / get off / put on / give up Upper intermediate6 Train Manners
check on / break up / cheat on / mess up Upper intermediate7 Breakup
sign up / take off / come back / hang out / pick up Upper intermediate8 Spontaneous person
bring up / bring in / turn off / knock out Upper intermediate9 Blast
get off / bury in / sit around / run through Upper intermediate10 Fate
lure away / freak out / spit out / turn out Upper intermediate11 Chitchat
keep up with / turn in / stay up / scare off / help out Upper intermediate12 Overloaded task
go down / pass out / stand for / go over Upper intermediate13 Café
stick out / set up / loosen up / cry out Upper intermediate14 Leisure
turn off / leave on / wake up / doze off Upper intermediate15 Bedtime

Posting restricted

I'm sorry, but
posting to this bulletin board has been restricted due to a
post that falls under the prohibited items of Article 2 of the Native Camp Plaza Usage Rules.